What Are The Principles Of Insurance?
Within the viewpoint of the insurer, writing a policy for their client may just be as big a risk for them as compared to the risk you have for insuring that thing you find valuable. It can be said that you are more aware over the real value of your property or your current overall health condition than your insurance provider. This essentially makes it much easier for you to cheat them since they are really in the blind in regards to the actual facts that you knowingly fail to disclose.
The six principles of insurance are the safeguard of insurance companies as these reduces the risks they have in writing you a bigger check than what should really be given.
Utmost Good Faith – insurance companies operate under the principle of ‘utmost good faith.’ This means that when you buy a policy, it is your obligation to disclose truthfully all the details of what you are insuring. Proper disclosure allows proper evaluation of the value of the coverage.
Insurable Interest – you cannot insure something if you really do not find any interest or value over it. People who insure something that they have no personal interest in are likely the ones that will commit fraud in order to cheat the insurer for claims. If you have no valued interest over your home but still insure it, not having any interest in the home means you can set the house on fire and not even have any remorse of feeling of loss over a valuable matter.
Indemnity – if you have insurance, the insurer will compensate you for loss or damage to what you have insured, but no further than that. If your home is insured and incidentally suffers from $1,000 worth of damage, your insurer will indemnify you for only that amount. Basically, after the payout, it will be considered that your home will now be in its pre-damage condition.
Proximate Cause – insurance provides coverage to only certain perils and not others. If your home is insured for hurricane and wind damage, should flooding occur wherein the floodwater creates the most damage, then your insurer will deny and refuse you of your claim.
Subrogation – when a third party causes damage to your property and the insurer is forcibly made to pay claims, your insurer will on the other hand sue that third party to compensate and possibly even profit from the claims paid out to you.
Contribution – this principle states that if there is more than one insurer liable for the losses you have gone through, then all insurers involved will have to share the loss. Even if you have two same policies from different insurers, you cannot collect from both of them.